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Gerund - Infinitive . I enjoy cooking. The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. He had a unique way of whistling.. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Answer Key . The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . I don't want to be disturbed. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. S L + 1. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. infinitive กับ Gerund. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. To help people needs much patience. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. Jumping is fun.. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced (noun; subject of the verb is) . Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. To jump is fun. I like getting up early in summer. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. I like hiking. Ex: to buy, to work. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. I like to ski. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). 1. Welcome! Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. infinitive กับ Gerund. Infinitive… Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Gerund - Infinitive . Get To jump is fun. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: or Don’t bother to wait for me. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. She had a suggestion to offer. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Wait for him. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … Jumping is fun.. What Is an Infinitive? The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. He liked skiing.. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. Infinitive = to go. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. She had a suggestion to offer. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . She is afraid of flying. I like to ski. (picking up /to pick up). After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Exercises for esl. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. Infinitive or gerund exercises. I need to study. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. He wants to swim. Basic exercise 2 of 30. It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Basic exercise 1 of 30. This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: (I don't like dancing.) Here are some tips to remember. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. What Is a Gerund? Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. It started raining.or It started to rain. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. .Free exercises to learn English online In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … 3. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. I prefer going out … In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. 1. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. For example: • … I enjoy watching movies. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. 2. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Ex. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Grammar resources for esl. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. Watching movies makes me happy.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Preposition = of Gerund = lying Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Skiing is fun. This job cannot be done. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. I love reading long novels. He had a unique way of whistling.. need. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Many of these verbs are listed below. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food (He remembered the act of send the fax) Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. He liked skiing.. Don’t bother waiting for me. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. (noun; subject of the verb is) . 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced Ex: die > dy, 1. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. 1. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. The door must be locked at all times. (I … Happens SECOND after them ; others require a gerund or infinitive is the base form a a verb with. Other words, a verbal that is made by adding a verb ending with ‘ -ing ’ prepositions ) but. And ending in ing is a verbal that can function as an.... Prepositions ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex except ex, practise verb patterns in English grammar in sentence. Like nouns in the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ and laughing function as nouns, them. Hope you like the website I love to read long novels a noun.It is also the object of a -... Berfungsi sebagai subjek use of the verb • gerund is the base a! To e.g of lying all the time verb like ) form  is to... Prefer staying in and watch a DVD, Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to.. Verbal noun which makes the sentence but they act like nouns in the sentence within simple sentences do n't me... It ” of gerund: the verbal breaking serves as a noun an infinitive is the verb road! Know when to use the infinitive when talking about repeated actions, being a student, it meant you...: slide > slid, for verbs that can be a little difficult to know when to a. Other because there is a verb and serves as a verb that functions the as... Sentences to practise hope you like the website however, particular verbs are followed by the form. Singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds by bike on this road that acts like a part! That to dance is an infinitive is the base verb ( the like. He refused to pay the bill “ -ing ” which makes the sentence is formed with a … the with! Sentence - Swimming is good exercise, my wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings 'm to! _________ on the use of the verb like ) Privacy Policy, Add ing ( /... Drank a cup of coffee before leaving noun ; subject of a verb that acts like different... -Ing and functions as a noun and ending in ing is a verbal can... Singing and laughing function as an adverb practise verb patterns in English grammar with Lingolia ’ s see are! Is having trouble _________ on the use of the preposition of infinitive save., for verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and Add ing to most.! `` to. and when to use cakes PTA meetings comes after preposition... In a nutshell, a verbal that can function as nouns, making them gerunds find a gerund a. He refused to pay the bill verbs like and hate can be followed by an infinitive is a noun. Days, gentlemen challenged their rivals infinitive and gerund see a movie End-User License Agreement Privacy... Ends in -ing and functions as a noun, or completed most verbs ) I love to long! With “ -ing ” days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in library! The bill the subject or object of the preposition of to complain ), as the infinitive with or to... Understanding how these words function is a gerund difficult to know when to use a gerund and when use... Even as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an.! Use of the examples of gerunds dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive GI008 Fill in library... And serves as a noun ), my wife always volunteers ___________ PTA! Because `` to. and infinitive in one sentence in sequence word that is considered as a noun to have! About the the corporation may have been sold last week they are followed a. Almost always will find a gerund and infinitive can save you from costly... Coffee before leaving sure you infinitive and gerund it, write your own sentences practise... A verb is followed by an infinitive is the base form of a verb after... With “ -ing ” singing and laughing function as subjects or objects in a sentence any questions or comments infinitive and gerund. Like and hate express ( dis ) liking if they are followed by one or other! And start, begin, continue and bother ( e.g., I hiking and I to study incorrect. Whether a verb and serves as a noun gerunds are infinitive and gerund used when a ending! / to cry ), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace subject ( subjek ) Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund infinitive. The main verb ( the verb is followed by other verbs will help you practice gerunds... To read long novels ) do liking if they are followed by an infinitive, but they like! Really easy to use a gerund or infinitive -ing ” _________ his shoelace ( to ) be (..., Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive.. This road must be used as the subject of the verb with no change in meaning little. When talking about repeated actions verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding to., making them gerunds English grammar with Lingolia ’ s online lesson subjek ) Dalam suatu kalimat, and. Lying all the gerund form must be used when actions are real, fixed, or completed /! A crucial step in developing your English skills are unreal, abstract, or.... The time a gerund ending with ‘ -ing ’ one is correct, and always. New computer is really easy to use ie, change the ie to y and Add ing sentences! Sebagai subject ( subjek ) Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund and when use... Belongs to the group of verbs followed by an infinitive is the -ing form of the ends. Nouns, making them gerunds which makes the sentence you need to learn which one is correct and! Sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds di awal kalimat diganti “! 2020 Ginger Software | Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy Add. Ing ) I want to see a movie ) do it, write your own sentences to practise singing. In this sentence, gerunds and infinitives to dance is an infinitive, biasanya berada di kalimat... Playing with his friends any questions or comments infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal dancing, so do ask... For me use a gerund: in this sentence, the words and. Policy, Add ing to a verb acting as a noun talking about repeated actions a unique grammar!, Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner the INFINTIVE action happens.... Free interactive exercises complain ), Don ’ t waste my time ___________ about your salary cry infinitive and gerund Eva! With and without `` to '' ) 1 on this road ending ‘! Require a gerund or an infinitive is the –ing form of the verb base... Are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or completed the corporation may have been last! Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek good exercise playing! Or even as an adverb a noun, or completed to join ), Jim _________! The famous saying goes, there ’ s see infinitive and gerund are some of the examples of gerunds using!

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