Make sure you get as much of the root system as possible. Another factor in coleus care is overwintering, as these plants, which are considered tender annuals, are highly susceptible to cold temperatures. In fact, the plants root so easily that you can even start cuttings in a glass of water. This variety is incredibly easy to grow and care for and looks striking when placed alongside paler colored plants. Coleus can be growing outdoors and indoors in … Keep the soil slightly moist when the plant is actively growing, but drier conditions in winter months. This can help to encourage root growth, though it is really down to personal preference and isn’t essential to successful propagation. Sign up for our newsletter. Planting and Care. It may seem counterproductive to cut back a plant that you want more of, but pinching many annual and tender perennial plants—like coleus—encourages branching and full, bushy growth. These popular varieties are often used as container plants, as they fare exceptionally well in pots. Caring for coleus is just as easy. The vivid green leaves have a dainty shape which gives a graceful look to the plant. Dig up healthy plants in the fall, just before cold weather hits. When you notice new growth on the upper part of the cutting, it means that root growth is also happening. Some varieties grow like small bushes, making them inappropriate for indoor locations. Be careful not to over fertilize, though, or your coleus in pots may lose their brilliant color. Flowers will appear on the plant in the summer, but they pale in comparison to the beauty of the brightly colored foliage, so it is best to remove the flowers at the stem as soon as you notice buds appearing (Horticulture Magazine). This fun variety has semi-circular-shaped leaves that are outlined in green with a striking red center. Although it’s not required, the plants can be given a boost of half-strength liquid fertilizer during their active growth in spring and summer. The Wasabi variety is popular to mix with other types of Coleus, as the plain green foliage offsets nicely against more intense colored varieties. It has deep orange foliage in an elegant leaf shape, which is sometimes outlined in a thin, darker orange or red edging, or veining. The dizzying array of electrifying colors and foliage shapes enthralled the Victorians, and more than 100 years later, these seed-grown, shade-loving plants are still the most widely sold types. Some of the many varieties available are listed below. Keep in temperatures of 65°F to 75°F (24°C – 27°C) and protect from frost. Use a mixture that contains plenty of perlite, which will help to ensure the soil drains well as well as aerating it. This is another variety of Coleus that features autumnal shades. During hot and dry summer months, Coleus container plants will need watering at least once a day, sometimes twice. This tropical plant likes it hot, with an ideal temperature range of 70 to 100° F. It can tolerate very warm weather, but the same cannot be said of the cold. Plant coleus close together as bedding plants or tuck them into baskets and containers for a fast growing and spectacular addition. When this happens, you can pot the plant into a small container and continue usual care, or plant it directly into a garden bed. Then, feed it a diluted liquid fertilizer every week or two as the season progresses. You can also prune the plant to keep it looking neat or to prevent it from overgrowing, though this isn’t essential. Plant your coleus in a sturdy container that won’t tip over if it does get to be 2 feet tall. Since coleus are mainly grown for their colorful foliage, there’s no need to waste the plant’s energy on flowering or setting seed. Using a clear plastic covering over the tray can also be added, which will help to increase humidity and help the seedlings grow. Coleus hybrids were all the rage when they were first introduced into Europe from Java in the 1700sand their popularity has remained high. Pot your plants in suitable containers with well-draining soil and water them thoroughly. How to Care for Sun Coleus. When overnight temperatures drop to below 50° F, the Coleus plant can run into trouble. If you are growing your Coleus in a container pot, then a time will come when it outgrows the space and needs to be repotted in a larger container. Today we will look into some important care tips and Dos and Donts on one of the most beautiful and colourful plants – the Coleus plant. While the Inky Toes plant has leaves which are reminiscent of duck feet, the Inky Fingers plant has a wider spread on the rounded bumps of the leaf edges, giving it more of an impression of a hand shape. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Coleus must have good soil drainage. This plant sporadically blooms blue flowers throughout the year, but they are uninteresting compared to the plant's foliage, and like most Coleus plants, it is recommended that the flowers be removed to preserve energy for leaf production and growth. If you love the autumnal colors of fall leaves and wish you could have them all year round, then this is the Coleus for you. Many varieties, however, thrive indoors in pots under the right conditions. Use a mixture that contains plenty of perlite, which will help to ensure the soil drains well as well as aerating it. The outer edge of the leaves is an interesting zigzag shape, which is further illuminated by the contrasting colors. Learn about all this and more in the article found below. Once big enough, you can transplant them to a garden bed or planter. Care of Sun-Loving Coleus Over the Winter. Container plants also require … Therefore, they must either be dug up, potted, and brought indoors for overwintering or grown through cuttings to establish additional plants. Added to this unusual texture is the vivid red and burgundy coloring on the leaves, and the result is a very sultry and dramatic looking plant. Intro: Coleus is a colorful container plant for shadier balcony gardens. for 1+3, enter 4. Push the soil up around the planted stem to help if stand up, and then, supply the cutting with warmth while maintaining a moist but not wet soil. With the impressive array of colors on the unusual frilly edges leaves, it’s not hard to see why this variety has long been a favorite among the Coleus plants. However, the Coleus does not rely on high humidity to thrive and will do just fine in average humidity levels. Fill your container with well-draining soil and fertilize moderately. If the cutting is easily pulled from the soil, then it means roots are not present or are not advanced enough to repot. Coleus has been recently assigned its own personal genus, called Solenostemon. I, for one, love them, as do many others. This variety of Coleus has long and triangular-shaped leaves that reach a sharp point at the end. The flowers do very little visually for the plant, and the energy that is spent producing the flowers means that energy is taken from elsewhere. This plant would have lots of shade in its natural tropical habitat, where tall trees would protect it from the sun, so try to replicate this at home by providing the Coleus with ample protection from the sun's harsh rays. Poorly drained soils and excessive watering will damage coleus. Plants should not be allowed to dry out, howeve… Water regularly, keeping the soil moist. Coleus plant leaves come in shades of red, green, white and yellow. The Coleus plant can easily be propagated with stem cuttings, or from seed (University of Florida- Gardening Solutions). Not too long ago, coleus (Solenostemon scutellarioides, formerly Coleus spp.) To propagate in water, simply place your stem cutting in a glass or jar, with enough water in so that the bottom half of the stem is submerged in water. Popular varieties of this cultivar are Kong Lime Sprite, Kong Rose, and Kong Scarlet, which all feature various color variations. The leaf stems, as well as the leaf edges and veins, are a bright pink, which offers a stark contrast against the pale yellow and vivid green. Do you have a Coleus? You can also pinch the shoots of young coleus plants to produce bushier growth. When you first plant your Coleus, whether it be in a container pot or directly into the ground, give it a good soaking of water to saturate the soil. This Coleus plant has rich brown leaves with a bright green edging. If the plant's soil becomes completely dry for any period of time, leaves may wilt. The Coleus plant has a seemingly endless amount of varieties and cultivars to its name. Coleus plants bring the psychedelic colors of tie-dye T-shirts to your garden, patio or window box. You can expect to see seedlings emerge through the soil in around two weeks’ time. They also work just fine planted at the bottom of taller potted plants, such as Amaranth, Yucca, Fountain Grass, or Dracaena. Another attractive feature of these cultivars is the texture of the leaves, which are soft to the touch. Coleus plants prefer well-draining soil to help prevent overwatering and root rot. It can be grown underneath other taller container plants, such as a small tree in a container. Care for Coleus Plant Caring for coleus is just as easy. Some can take quite a bit of sun as long as they are not allowed to dry out. It is a source of forskolin, an extract used in pharmaceutical preparations and in cell research. Coleus is a very hardy plant and can handle the cutting. Coleus are in the Lamiaceae, or mint, family. could only be grown in shade. Here are some tips to help with that: Water regularly to keep the soil slightly moist – never bone dry and never soggy. They need to be kept moist, especially newly planted coleus. They require attention to maintain a bushy, attractive appearance but grow easily in … These easy-to-care-for plants feature attractive leaves in many varieties and are great for adding color to your house or garden dark corners. Coleus plant care: Coleus houseplants need bright, indirect sunlight and grow in containers with a well-draining potting mix. The best time to repot your Coleus is in early spring, and as a moisture-loving plant, you may want to think carefully about the construction of the container you are using. Many varieties do well in both shade and part-sun. Mind that container plants will need more frequent watering, and that “moist” doesn’t mean “soggy”. Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 10 Super Easy Types of Echeveria That You'll Love, 7 Best Bathroom Plants For the High Humidity Environment, Bright, indirect light and plenty of shade. You can propagate your stem cutting in water or in potting soil, and both work equally well. Indoor Coleus Care Once you begin growing coleus as an indoor plant, its continued care is important in keeping the plant healthy. This plant has a habit of becoming quite leggy. Growing coleus in the garden is a great way to brighten up dark shady spots. These Coleus plants are aptly named after the hand and foot-like appearance of the leaves. A root-bound plant will stop growing, so if you want to your Coleus at its current size, then you can keep it in its pot for an extended period, but eventually, its health will suffer, and you will need to give it more space to spread out its roots. Coleus plant care indoors: Provide bright indirect sunlight, temperatures of 65-75°F, and moderate to high humidity levels. Plant the coleus in the new pot at the same depth it was growing at previously. If the plant was particularly pot bound, then you can gently massage the roots between your fingers to encourage them to spread out in the new pot and continue healthy growth. When the weather begins to drop, especially at night, cutting back the coleus flowers will help the plant conserve a lot of energy and food. The ‘Volcano’ and ‘Red Velvet’ varieties both have leaves which are mostly a bright red color with shocking pink veining, which is then contrasted with a very thin green or yellow outline. This is one variety of Coleus that doesn’t feature unusual coloring. The ‘Festive Dance’ is another variety within this cultivar, which has the same red and green leaf pattern but also features magenta or orange detailing on the main bulk of the leaf. How to Care for a Coleus Plant. The ideal spot for this plant is one that gets morning sun and afternoon shade. To repot the plant, gently pull it out of its current pot and remove as much of the soil as you can without harming the roots. Repot the coleus plant into a pot one size larger than its current container when new growth starts. Bright, direct light will scorch the leaves, causing the vibrant colors to fade or become bleached, or resulting in browned edges or transparent patches. To encourage abundant leaf growth and vibrant foliage, choose a fertilizer which has high levels of nitrogen. This Coleus variety has pink leaves in shades which are very unusual for plant foliage. The reason is that the sun is the hottest in the afternoon. Coleus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. To check root growth, you can very gently tug on the stem cutting, and if you feel some resistance, then it means sufficient roots have formed. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. Coleus plants in containers will need more frequent watering than those grown in the ground. They may come in yellows, greens, reds, and some even come in pinks or purples. If your Coleus plants are growing in the ground, then a slow release fertilizer may be a good option. If you are propagating in soil, you will follow a similar pattern, but using a small container of potting mix or propagation medium instead of a jar of water. These plants are great for adding color in the garden (or home), especially in those dark, drab-looking corners. Put the tray in a bright and warm place such as a sunny windowsill, or a sunroom or conservatory, and maintain moist but not wet soil. Terracotta pots have a tendency to absorb moisture, so if you’re using a pot such as this, then you should line it with plastic wrap so that the moisture is retained by the soil. Fun Facts About Coleus Plants. Solenostemon varieties to try. To keep your coleus thriving, mix a slow-release fertilizer into the potting soil when you are starting your plant's container. 2. Like most plants with colorful foliage, coleus needs regular feeding. If you don’t have an appropriate spot with afternoon shade, there are some Coleus varieties that can tolerate afternoon sun, but be sure to research your variety before you buy it and ensure you have an ideal area for it to thrive. If you used a plastic cover, you can remove it at this point, but continue to allow the seedlings to grow until they start to become too large for their container. This cultivar series of Coleus plant includes several varieties that are all quite similar in appearance. Their spiked flowers usually appear in summer; however, these can be removed if desired. To promote denser and more compact growth, pinch out flower spikes before they elongate. Plants suffering from “wet feet” will be stunted, leaves will turn a muddy brown, and leaf margins will be scorched. E.g. Most are vibrantly colored and easy to care for, though some have slightly different growing requirements. Coleus plants are known for their colorful, variegated leaves and can be excellent additions to an indoor or outdoor garden. The base color of the leaves varies from pale to bright pink, while the central part of the leaf is a very deep purple that almost looks black from a distance. Coleus care is super-easy, and gardeners far and wide love it. This tender annual comes in many shades of color, leaf texture, and sizes. Water to keep the soil slightly moist and keep humidity levels high. Coleus plants kept in containers can be fed a liquid fertilizer once a month throughout spring and summer. Keep the cutting warm, ideally providing warmth from the bottom, and refresh the water when necessary to ensure it remains clean. Typically, most varieties enjoy a mix of plentiful shade and bright light, though some cultivars have now been developed that can withstand all-day sun (Home and Garden Information Center). How to Grow and Care for Coleus in Containers. COLEUS CARE Maintenance: Keep plants looking tidy and maintain their size and shape by pinching or trimming stem tips. However, several sun tolerant cultivars are available that will thrive in full, hot sun. Soil: Container plants also require more frequent watering than those grown in the garden. Coleus is probably one of the easiest plants to grow and propagate. Varieties that are not sun-tolerant will bleach and discolor in full sun. They can also be propagated by seed indoors about 8-10 weeks prior to your last expected spring frost. They need fertile, well-draining soil and usually perform best in areas with partial shade, though many varieties can also tolerate sun. You can actually revive the plant by cutting away the clearly dead portion of the plant, and then plopping the plant into a new pot. Coleus is hard to kill and easy to propagate, making it a wonderful choice for gardeners at all levels of experience. Coleus plants, made popular as Victorian bedding plants, made a huge comeback during 1the 1990s and show no sign of fading back into anonymity.These lovely foliage plants give us all-season color in full sun, shade, and everything in between and are the ultimate low-maintenance plant. Allowing the plant to get some natural light but giving it shade during the heat of the day will result in the best color on the foliage of the plant. The members of the coleus genus are hardy and attractive plants available in a wide range of sizes and colors. The simplest method is to use a seedling tray full of potting soil and evenly spread seeds across it. Coleus can be added to beds and borders for interest or grown in containers. They usually have green outer edges that appear to be an outline of the dark red interior. Due to their various colors, Coleus plants can make for a great companion to Begonias, Lobelia, or any flowering annual plants. By removing the flower buds in their infancy, the plant will redirect its energy to the continued production of colorful foliage. Coleus Plant Care : How To Grow Coleus Plant Discover the details on how to grow and care for Coleus plant indoors and outdoors including light, sun, soil, fertilizer and pruning requirement and its care. Given adequate light, coleus overwinters easily indoors. To encourage a fuller growth in a bushy style, you can prune the bottom stems of the plant. Caring for the plants is pretty easy once you set them up in a good spot. Coleus Plant - How to Grow and Care For This Gorgeous Plant, University of Florida- Gardening Solutions, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. The cut should be made just below a leaf node, and you can then remove all of the leaves from the stem except for the top pair. They have some of the most stunningly colored foliage—in combinations of green, yellow, pink, red, maroon, etc. When watering the seedlings, add water to the bottom tray so that the roots can absorb it from underneath; this serves to protect the growing seedlings, which are not yet very strong. Let us know how it’s doing! Learn How to grow Coleus in a pot, Growing coleus plant, Propagate Coleus by cutting, pest problem plectranthus scutellarioides, coleus care in … Let's dive into this plant. They are listed in the cultivar listings below. Perhaps you know them as painted nettle or poor man’s croton, depending on where you’re located, but for many of us we simply know them as coleus plants (Coleus blumei). Snip off spindly stems with sharp shears, ideally a short distance above a leaf node. Its complete scientific name is Scolenostemon Scutellaroides. To grow a new Coleus, take a stem cutting from the mother plant of around five inches in length. The spiked shape of the foliage is also reminiscent of common autumnal fallen leaves. Growing Coleus plants from seed is also an easy process and generally results in success. Start with a beautiful, healthy coleus plant and care for it properly, and you will be rewarded for your efforts with a magnificent house plant. In order to get the most from this attractive foliage plant, it helps to arm yourself with additional knowledge on coleus plant care. Use your little finger or the end of a pencil to make a hole in the soil in which to place your stem cutting. They just need to be kept moist, and that’s it! The Coleus plant loves the shade, making it an ideal plant for bringing some bright and vibrant color to darker corners of your garden. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Once you have completed repotting the plant, give it a heavy watering and then, continue care as normal. This includes different coleus propagation methods, tips on growing indoors and even overwintering the plants effectively. Although usually planted outdoors, with proper light and food, a coleus plant can make a great addition to your collection of house plants. However, the amount of preferred light depends on the specific cultivar you are growing, so read the plant tag listing the coleus’ preferences before planting in a permanent location. Coleus plants prefer well-draining soil to help prevent overwatering and root rot. Caring For Coleus. Coleus plants are tropical plants that thrive in warm temperatures and humid conditions. The general color pattern is a thick green edging that transforms inwards into shades of red and pink. However, always be careful not to overwater, as too much water will destroy the roots and leave the plant unable to absorb any water or nutrients. Within several weeks, you should start to see roots appear from the bottom of the stem. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? The leaves have a very rich texture that is almost like velvet. At this point, if you wish, you can dip the cut end in rooting hormone. As a garden plant, this coleus shoots up spikes of bright blue or purple flowers which can be quite attractive. Watch this video to learn how to pinch annuals and tropical perennials. The bright, full direct afternoon sunlight can scorch the leaves and bleach out the plant’s colors. Aim to keep the soil moist but not wet, avoiding watering too heavily, as the plant is susceptible to root rot. Once the cutting is ready, you can plant it up in a longer term home and continue usual Coleus care. Water the new plant thoroughly. This versatile variety can be either a trailing plant or an upright grower, making it suitable for a variety of different uses in the garden. General Care Tips Don’t worry if your coleus has been neglected for a long period of time. Coleus doesn’t need to be fertilised. When growing a coleus indoors, keep the soil evenly moist, watering the plant whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. This is another series of cultivars that feature several similarly styled plants with slight color variations. 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While traditionally … They need to be kept moist, especially newly planted coleus. This means that no matter what area you are looking to put coleus, you can find one that will be perfect. Most coleus will grow best in part shade or dappled light. Each individual leaf looks like a slice of watermelon; hence its name. The leaf shape is also somewhat uncommon, with the frilly edge of the leaves giving the appearance that it could almost be made from fabric. If you have grown your Coleus in a container pot, then the ideal scenario would be to bring it inside when the colder weather sets in, putting it in a warm place with bright but indirect light. Add another layer of potting soil on top so that the seeds are no longer visible. This is because the sun is much stronger in the afternoon and will cause damage to the plant, so it’s best for it to be in the protection of the shade during this time. If it stays dry, the coleus leaf may fall from the plant. Solenostemon ‘Chocolate Mint’ – the semi-succulent stems bear velvety, maroon leaves edged with bright green and prominent, rounded teeth.The pale blue flowers are insignificant and can appear at any time of year; Solenostemon ‘Trusty Rusty’ – the stems are semi-succulent stems and bear velvety, rust-colored leaves with a serrated, golden outer edge When growing coleus, keep in mind that these beauties can grow rapidly. It isn’t necessary to feed the plants during fall and winter, as this is a period of minimal growth. Planting and Care. The ideal spot for a Coleus Plant is one that receives afternoon shade and morning sun. Traditionally, most coleus plants have grown best in partial shade. A rapidly growing and vibrant plant, this Coleus would liven up any dull corners of your garden. For waterings following this, only water once the soil has started to go dry. Coleus has long been considered a shade plant but the best leaf color is achieved with morning sun and some degree of afternoon shade. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The leaves are predominantly yellow with red edging and some red speckling on the main part of the leaf. Select a new container that is around two inches in height and diameter larger than the previous pot, and put enough potting soil in the bottom so that the plant will be at the same level in the pot as it was before. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Coleus also have a wide variety of leaf sizes and overall shapes. As their name implies, Coleus plants are very gorgeous with their leave colors; they can be grown either outdoors and indoors and are too stunning not to notice. There is an equal balance in color of green on the outer edge of the leaves and a buttery yellow color on the central part of the leaves. It can return outside once the weather warms up in the spring, and temperatures consistently exceed 50° F. This plant can tolerate high humidity, as it would ordinarily experience this in its natural tropical habitat. Once you have completed repotting the plant, give it a heavy watering and then, continue care as normal. Learn more. The colors of the foliage on this Coleus are so vivid and unusual that it is often the prized possession of a gardener, being used as a centerpiece in the garden. Coleus is easy to care for and is a very versatile plant. This should result in the stem forking out at the cut point, creating a denser plant. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. You do not have to worry about hurting the plant too much if you cut it back too far. The base color is a creamy colored yellow, with green segments in a feathered pattern. 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