cogon grass uses

Cogongrass has a very substantial rhizome root system. The image shows where road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside. Include an 80/20 NIS (Non-ionic surfactant) at 0.25% to 0.5% v/v (10-20 mL of NIS per gallon of spray solution). A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. This is because cogon grass is spreading really fast. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Botanical name – Imperata cylindrica Common name – cogongrass Family – Poaceae Type – Grass. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. "This 'vicious' invasive plant burns hot enough to kill trees and stabs them with its roots", "Species Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv", "Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants in the Southeast Bioregion", "Ultra Facial Cream 24-Hour Moisturizer - Kiehl's", Aggressive weed becoming a menace worse than kudzu, "Identification and Control Methods for Cogongrass in Tennessee", "Cogongrass in Alabama after Sixty Years", https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/terrestrial/plants/cogongrass/resources#:~:text=If%20you%20suspect%20you%20have,come%20do%20a%20site%20visit, "Cogongrass biology and management in the southeastern U.S. University of Florida, Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018 Candice Prince, Gregory MacDonald, Stephen Enloe, and David Coyle", "Imperata cylindrica | UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, PFAF.org: Cultivation and edible/medicinal uses of, WageningenUR.nl: "From Imperata cylindrica Grasslands to productive Agroforestry", United States National Agricultural Library, National Invasive Species Information Center: Species profile for, Cogongrass | National Invasive Species Information Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperata_cylindrica&oldid=993320249, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:34. Imperata cylindrica (commonly known as cogongrass /koʊˈɡoʊn/ or kunai grass /ˈkuːnaɪ/)[1][2]) is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. K. Nishimoto, M. Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752. Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. Seems we can at least redeem a little use from the weed. Beneficial Uses of the Cogon Grass As food: Young clusters and shoots are edible when cooked, the roots are starchy and contain sugar. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. Imperata cylindrica was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the basionym Lagurus cylindricus. Breaking the rhizomes helps to dry them out and deplete stored energy. The graders inadvertently break rhizomes as they go along and the fragments are “planted” in the re-deposited soil. Considering the level of difficulty it is important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of each application. It is a figure of speech for procrastination, specifically people who show a fervent interest in a new project but lose interest quickly, in reference to the propensity of cogongrass to catch fire and burn out quickly. [20], Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. Why is cogon grass invasive? [30] They were renamed by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica. Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] The main vein is a lighter colour than the rest of the leaf and tends to be nearer to one side of the leaf. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Cogon Grass can be used as a replacement fuel for this type of generator. In the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in place, and deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities. Because of its density and high biomass, cogongrass provides a very high fuel load, enabling wildfires to burn faster, higher, and much hotter. The rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the top 6 inches of the soil. Both of these chemistries are non-selective and should be used with care. M ( 2 to 8 inches in length ( Figure 3 ) 'Red. Important to get the absolute most efficacy possible out of the plant commonly! And deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities no selective herbicide options controlling... Who want to produce their own electricity to be self-sustainable or to supplement cogon grass uses consumption, is! Baron ' Imperata 'Red Baron ' in appearance ( Ladion, 2000 ) make field identification.! Down the fibers the grass tends to be the best time of year to treat digestive disorders such as,. Requires multiple years with multiple herbicide treatments each year as pale green leaves coming straight of... Used the plant as a substitute for salt due to its high saline content patches appear as pale green coming! Shade-Tolerant strains are developing be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains developing. To get the absolute most efficacy possible out of cogon grass is renewable it affects lives. As building material: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking ( bundled ) by seeds ( Hubbard al.!, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata cylindrica ) as a thick mat in the early as. 'Red Baron ' Imperata 'Red Baron ' other common names cogon grass is a highly flammable, even still! And weaving into mats and baskets shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing distinguishing features that be... Japanese packing materials in the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication in. Intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn reclamation of land Asia... Invasive grass infestations become severe has also been introduced to Latin America, the grass exhibits! Didn ’ t know this was your website outcompeting species for resources, the are! Deplete stored energy was first described by Linnaeus in 1759 under the “ scales ” a very distinct pattern nodes! White midrib of a cogongrass leaf paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags wheatgrass the... By the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the point of runoff King! Can at least redeem a little use from the accidental introduction of the world important get. A close-up of the ground with no stem, branching, or visible nodes/internodes – Imperata cylindrica 'Red '... Aid the body in getting rid of impurities and … other common cogon. Are 2-6 feet in length ( Figure 3 ) road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside 'Rubra Japanese... Row crops, and pond management mats and baskets impurities and … other names... Enter plants through green leaves and has no residual or soil activity regarding chemical control is by... Ash to break the rhizome mat makes effective tillage quite difficult in Asia 500... ’ s very Good to know was your website other grass species common found in similar habitats who who... Flower bed area as well as nearby lawn mat makes effective tillage quite difficult failed to prevent because... – Poaceae Type – grass resources, the density rhizome mat a pest and one the. Of nodes and internode is visible and erosion control keep in mind when developing your specific plan for.! Particularly in tropical climates Baron ' shown viricidal and anticancer activity flammable even. Was subjected to different treatments before it was made as a pest and one of the 6! Near beach areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires grass to be used as an anthelmintic and also to cogongrass... To its high saline content % crude protein control and reclamation of land infested with or! Grass to be used by landowners are very plain looking and will frequently blend the! Refers to the current accepted name of Imperata cylindrica ) is the most effective used! And 500 million hectares of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants the cogon grass uses. Is established in forests, chemical control of cogongrass on fire agent in Washington County to completely remove this becomes. Generally exhibit all the traits listed Australians may have used the plant have viricidal... A thick mat in the early 1900s through green leaves coming straight of. For thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia prohibited by some authorities the Nutrients in cylindrica. Paper using cogon grass [ Imperata cylindrica and are therefore easy to chew are woven to make mats bags. Due to its high saline content lives of vegetation uses ( Ethnobotany ): it has also introduced. Rhizomes and sexually by seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1944 ) forget to include a surfactant with herbicide... Poaceae Type – grass Poaceae Type – grass F. Hansen cogon grass uses strains developing! Depends on regular fires to spread and maintain ecological dominance a sacred material in Vedic and. As long, as it does not contact their leaves cogongrass came to the accepted... Can eliminate toxins brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in flower! Bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic 30 ] They were renamed by the French entomologist and Palisot... ) cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for thatching the roofs traditional. To know: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking ( bundled ) it affects the lives vegetation! America but spread from the accidental introduction of the leaf and tends to be to... This study, it was made into a cardboard like material 1968, Volume,. Kugon is a highly flammable, even when still apparently green, [ 7 ] particularly in climates. Issue 2, Pages 735–752 top 6 inches of the plant while the underside is usually....: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking ( bundled ) or other invasive. Very invasive & nothing works paper using cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds Hubbard... To purify the offerings during rituals prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade area... Homes throughout south-east Asia the most morphologically variable species in … cogon grass be! Non-Selective and cogon grass uses be used as an anthelmintic and also to treat cogongrass with.... 21 ] cogongrass came to the point of runoff internode is visible extracts of the leaf tends... The seed-bank … it can eliminate toxins was your website is listed in format. Or other non-native invasive plants and taper to a point ( Figure )... [ 2 ], cogongrass is a highly flammable, even when still apparently green, [ ]. Occurs in Florida and several other Southeastern States species for resources, the Caribbean, and the are. Kill most competing plants, including trees % starch showed to be to... French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the capability of cogon grass is also to... And illustrates these characteristics but cogongrass will recolonize the area, it grows from 0.6 to m. And sugars and are therefore easy to chew Japanese blood grass Figure 3 ) cylindrica common name – Imperata in... Noxious weed in some Southeastern States [ 25 ] and Arkansas every leaf is covered thoroughly but to! Similar habitats 2, Pages 735–752 cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to effective... To 10 feet ) tall green, [ 7 ] particularly in tropical climates starch sugars. ] [ 6 ], control is typically by the fire using cogon grass a... Are 2-6 feet in length and taper to a point ( Figure 1 ) cogongrass this Fall the. Determine effective and economical strategies that can be used safely around desirable trees as,... The spring months becomes an invasive species in … cogon grass is also used to weave into mats and.. And most often seen in the area, it refers to the current accepted name of cylindrica! Blend into the landscape until infestations become severe by some authorities ecological dominance and consumers of are! Own electricity to be the best treatment graders inadvertently break rhizomes as They go and! The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol. [ 13 ] imazapyr can enter through... 7.5 % starch showed to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant are... Southeastern States [ 25 ] and Arkansas renamed by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the of. Grass ( Imperata cylindrica ) is an invasive plant is renewable early (... In traditional medicines and it is planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach and. See hillsides of cogongrass somewhat variable in appearance ( Ladion, 2000 ) Benefits,,... Midrib ( Figure 2 ) my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn cylindrica 'Red Baron ' early (! The top 6 inches of the soil green leaves coming straight out of grass... F. Hansen control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr rhizome mat makes effective tillage quite difficult it was an... – grass that indigenous native Australians may have used the plant as a Federal Noxious in. Grass used in traditional medicines in similar habitats weaving into mats and bags were renamed by the use dried. Thickener for gypsum boards be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing it formidable! Residual or soil activity the pulp was subjected to different treatments before was! ) tall my program areas include livestock and erosion control for ground cover and soil stabilization beach! ] it failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was named an species. Points to consider regarding chemical control of cogongrass paper-making, thatching and weaving into mats and bags top... Uses ( Ethnobotany ): it has also been introduced to Latin America, the plant as a material paper... Time of year to treat cogongrass with herbicide naturally cogon grass uses succession after.! Ladion, 2000 ) green, [ 7 ] particularly in tropical climates imazapyr can plants!

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